Cardiac Services and Procedures
Our expert team of physicians perform or refer out for the following procedures to evaluate and treat heart and blood vessel disease.
- What Is Cardiology? Cardiology is a highly specialized branch of Internal Medicine that focuses on heart and vascular conditions.
- Focus of General Cardiology. Evaluating and identifying if a patient is at risk of heart disease and management of heart disease.
- General Cardiology Services. Management of cardiac related conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, angina, coronary artery disease, heart attacks, and the general health of the heart.
Structural and Functional Evaluation
- Echocardiography. Utilizing ultrasound waves to create real-time Two- and Three-dimensional images of the heart to examine its function and structure.
- Nuclear Cardiology. Evaluation of the relative blood flow to the heart muscle during rest and stress. This procedure uses radiation emitting nuclear particles which are injected to the blood stream. Images are created using a gamma ray camera.
- Cardiac MRI. Assessment of heart structure, chamber size, spatial relationships, and the viability of the valve and muscular function, using magnetic resonance imaging.
Arrhythmia Detection and Therapy
- Holter Monitor, Event Monitor, Implantable Loop Recorder (ILR). Wearable device that keeps track of your heart rhythm and records each of your heartbeats.
- Permanent Pacemaker. A permanent pacemaker is an electronic device surgically implanted on the chest wall or inside the heart chamber. Using electrodes, the Pacemaker detects heart rhythm and if necessary, delivers electrical impulses to maintain adequate heart rate.
- Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD). A defibrillator is a life saving device that is surgically implanted on the chest wall and monitors and treats heart rhythm using electrodes. This device delivers defibrillation therapy and is used in treatment of specific cardiac conditions where a life-threatening arrhythmia may cause cardiac arrest.
Procedures for Heart Disease
- Cardiac Catheterization. Evaluation of the blood vessels of the heart using catheters and x-ray to identify blockages.
- Coronary Angioplasty. Treatment of blocked heart blood vessels and arteries using balloon tipped catheters to improve blood flow to the heart.
- Coronary Artery Stent. Treatment of a blocked artery using a small, metal mesh tube that expands inside the coronary artery. This helps to maintain long term patency and continued blood flow through the compromised artery.
- Atherectomy. A procedure to remove or reshape the cholesterol plaque buildup inside the blood vessels of the heart. This treatment modality can be delivered via dedicated laser pulse generator, ultrasound or rotational mechanical devices.
- Coronary Artery Bypass. This surgical therapy is used to create a bypass route for the blood to flow into the heart blood vessels. This modality is reserved for severely occluded blood vessels in patients which may not be the ideal candidate for minimally invasive percutaneous angioplasty or stenting.
Procedures for Valve Disease
- Valvuloplasty. In patients with severe valve obstruction, a balloon tipped catheter is used to stretch stiffened or thickened valve flaps to improve blood flow to the heart. This procedure is usually a temporizing measure until a more permanent valve replacement can be safely accomplished.
- Valve replacement. Replacement of a damaged valve. Depending on the patient characteristics a mechanical or tissue valve may surgically be placed inside the heart to allow for normal blood flow across the intended valve structure. In certain patients who meet the criteria to undergo TAVR (transcatheter aortic valve replacement), a new aortic valve can be placed across the existing diseased valve through leg blood vessels without surgically opening the chest.